Track II Diplomacy

Track II Diplomacy

When most people think of diplomacy, they think of official contact between government representatives, also known as Track I diplomacy. Track II diplomacy, on the other hand, involves almost entirely unofficial contacts. These unofficial contacts can include dialogues and exchanges between influential non-governmental actors from different countries, designed to build trust and increase communication. In addition, Track II initiatives can be useful when there are blockages at the official level and when a secondary, unofficial venue is needed to explore new or challenging ideas.

Recognizing the value of Track II diplomacy, we have used it as a principal tool of the organization since our founding in 1982. Beginning with projects focused on improving relations between the United States and the Soviet Union, we have since led Track II projects aimed at supporting official agreements and understandings between the United States and Iran, Israel and Jordan, and between armed groups and the governments in Burundi, Sierra Leone, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. We are currently engaged in projects spanning the Middle East, North Africa, and the United States.

Fostering U.S.-Iranian ties through jazz - CNN features our work to improve relations between the United States and Iran, through a jazz tour that brought the first American musicians to play in Iran’s premier concert hall in over 35 years.

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Assuring Effective IAEA Verification of the Iran – P5+1 Agreement - Read a study sponsored by Search to learn more about the Iran Nuclear Deal.
Search US-Iran Featured in BBC News - This article originally appeared on on July 1, 2015. Twenty years after the US embassy hostage crisis in which 52 Americans were held hostage, Tehran invited the US wrestling team to Iran for a match. Wrestling is one of Iran’s most popular sports and its popularity goes […]
Behind the Scenes: Iran-US relations - Update: Music and peacebuilding suffered a great loss. Our friend Bob Belden passed away on May 20th. He believed in music as a universal language, capable of bringing people together across the toughest divides. We will always cherish his incredible talent and love for peace. As critical negotiations […]




Program Manager,
Track II Mediation Unit

Claudia Maffettone
Headquarters – Washington DC Office

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