Central African Republic Reports

Conflict scan – Engaging Youth and Community Leaders to Prevent Mass Atrocities in CAR – July 2017

The project “Engaging Youth and Community Leaders to Prevent Mass Atrocities in the Central African Republic” is operating in a context where conflicts are fueled by political manipulation along ethno-religious lines. Search, with funding from the bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations (CSO), has therefore proposed a 12-month program to prevent high-risk atrocities between Muslims and Christians in the PK5 and its surrounding areas in Bangui.

The objective of this conflict scan is to ensure the project’s conflict sensitivity and the respect of the Do No Harm principle through an updated comprehension of the main conflicts dynamics in the project’s implementation areas in Bangui (Fatime, Miskine, Yakité, and PK5). The report shows the absence – in the respondents’ answers – of the Séléka and Anti Balaka as principal actors of conflicts. Participants are now mentioning the local level conflicts more than the crisis of 2013. Indeed, the analysis revealed that the main issues leading to conflicts within the population are related to access to services (including electricity, water and waste management issues), domestic conflicts, power dynamics, political conflicts (with an ethnic component), and to some extent to religious discrimination. Simultaneously, there is another type of land conflict increasing within the Muslim community between the current inhabitants of PK5 and the displaced people coming back after the crisis. The conflicts related to access to services, power dynamics and domestic issues have the highest risk and degree of violence, but conflicts related to land disputes, religious discrimination, and politics are volatile conflicts that stir up tension and could cause national and regional explosions of violence. Among other recommendations, the report highly advises to coordinate with community leaders, local authorities, and other NGOs intervening in the sector of social cohesion to organize “Town hall meetings” in order to find inclusive solutions to local problems.

Conflict Scan – Bolstering Judicial and Social Accountability Processes in CAR – December 2016

The project “Bolstering Judicial and Social Accountability Processes in the Central African Republic” is operating in a context where conflicts are fueled by ethno-religious divisions, materializing in clashes between the pro-Muslim Ex-Seleka and the pro-Christians Anti-Balaka. SFCG, in collaboration with the American Bar Association (ABA) and with funding from the State Department’s Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (DRL), is implementing an 18-month program to support the rule of law and consolidation of peace in the Central African Republic through judicial and social accountability. In this framework, SFCG carries out conflict scans using a qualitative approach with surveys and focus groups. The scans identify important developments in the conflict that may impact the project implementation.

97% of those interviewed said violence had decreased in the two months preceding the survey. Participants explained that this does not mean that there is no violence and that the conflict is over; however, 40% of respondents report not knowing about existing conflict in their communities. This study shows that the major conflicts affecting CAR are fluid, and the population has a tendency to minimize or to not distinguish between them. The concept of “inter-community conflict” is highly represented during discussions, but the division lines identified are most often religious (Christians/Muslims – 29%) and/or related to economic and power inequality (28%). Despite the focus on religious and economic divisions, participants rank political conflicts (51%) as the most high-risk for the future, and the tensions linked to land issues have also been highlighted as factors that could potentially escalate the situation toward violent conflict.

Conflict Scan – Engaging Youth and Community Leaders to Prevent Mass Atrocities in CAR – December 2016

The project “Engaging Youth and Community Leaders to Prevent Mass Atrocities in Central African Republic” is operating in a context where conflicts are fueled by ethno-religious divisions, materializing in clashes between the pro-Muslim Ex-Seleka and the pro-Christians Anti-Balaka. SFCG, with funding from the bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations (CSO), is implementing a 12-month program to prevent high-risk atrocities between Muslims and Christians in PK5 (a neighborhood at high-risk for violence in the capital) and its surrounding areas. In this framework, SFCG carries out bi-annual conflict scans using a qualitative approach with surveys and focus groups. The scans identify important developments in the conflict that may impact the project implementation.

97% of those interviewed said violence had decreased in the two months preceding the survey. Participants explained that this does not mean that there is no violence and that the conflict is over; however, 40% of respondents report not knowing about existing conflict in their communities. This study shows that the major conflicts affecting CAR are fluid, and the population has a tendency to minimize or to not distinguish between them. The concept of “inter-community conflict” is highly represented during discussions, but the division lines identified are most often religious (Christians/Muslims – 29%) and/or related to economic and power inequality (28%). Despite the focus on religious and economic divisions, participants rank political conflicts (51%) as the most high-risk for the future, and the tensions linked to land issues have also been highlighted as factors that could potentially escalate the situation toward violent conflict.

Conflict Scan – Zemio – March 2016

The project “Promoting inter-communal dialogue and social cohesion in Zemio”, funded by the Fond Humanitaire Commun (CHF) is publishing its second Conflict Scan conducted between February and March 2016. This study analyses the conflict dynamic in Zemio over a 5-months period prior to the project’s closure. It monitors perceptions of several actors in relation to the conflict and its evolution to adapt project programming to the context. Zemio is located in the south-eastern part of Central African Republic; a region that has been indirectly affected by the conflict involving Ex-Séléka and Anti-Balaka with the deterioration of inter-faith relationships and social cohesion between Christians and Muslims. Despite U.S. and Ugandans forces in the ground, LRA’s exactions have considerably increased in the periphery over the last two months and ultimately exceeding the magnitude of inter-communal conflicts previously escalating. The presence of these three actors is also shaping the conflict in the region and is having a considerable impact on the daily lives of populations. « Land conflicts», « breeder-farmer conflicts» and « inter-communal conflicts » still remain key point of discord.

Projet « Better Together » ou « Ensemble c’est Mieux »: Etude sur la Cartographie des Organisations de la Société Civile (OSC) de Bangui, Bossangoa et Bangassou

Our “Better Together” project seeks to deescalate the political and military crisis affecting the Central African Republic through a combination of media, dialogue, and journalist support. Learn more in our Mapping of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) in Bangui, Bossangoa, and Bangassou. [en Français]