August 9, 2017
Honorable Rex Tillerson, Secretary of State
Transmitted via electronic mail and facsimile
Dear Secretary Tillerson:
As a coalition of nonprofit humanitarian, peacebuilding, faith-based and human rights organizations and individuals committed to advancing peace and pursuing stability, we are grateful for the engagement of the American people and their Government in helping alleviate suffering in the Central African Republic (CAR). American support during the early part of CAR’s crisis saved lives, lessened suffering, upheld American values of democracy, supported human rights and prevented atrocities, culminating in relatively peaceful democratic elections last year.
Unfortunately, the momentum toward peace and stability created by the 2016 elections is quickly dissipating. Armed groups are consolidating control in large areas of the country and we are seeing levels of displacement and violence not experienced in several years. As needs increase, humanitarian access and funding to reach the most vulnerable are shrinking. Ethnic and sectarian tensions have spilled into violence and the risk of mass atrocities remains high. Without immediate action, the international community’s and Central Africans’ investments in their country could be lost.
The current situation is not yet hopeless. Amidst the crisis, Central Africans built a foundation for peace, establishing nearly a thousand peace committees in towns and villages across the country to stabilize their areas and uniting people of different backgrounds to strengthen their communities and prevent violence. Faith leaders articulated a clear vision of reconciliation and interfaith tolerance. Despite the hazards, thousands of Central African and international colleagues and youth work daily to provide relief, make peace, serve as peacekeepers, and support the transition to a brighter future.
The ultimate weight of preventing atrocities and ending cycles of violence will be borne by the Central African people. We write to ask you to deploy the resources at your disposal – diplomatic, political and financial – to halt the worsening situation and intensify support for CAR’s efforts to reverse the deteriorating situation and move towards recovery, breaking cycles of conflict. We ask that the U.S. play the strategic role that it has in the past, and work with its European, African and multilateral partners to:
- Reaffirm U.S. support for efforts to prevent and mitigate violence by condemning human rights abuses and attacks on civilians, peacekeepers and humanitarian workers, supporting accountability measures including the Special Criminal Court, national and regional peace efforts, and efforts to counter trafficking, illicit arms flows, and pressuring those financially benefiting directly and indirectly from the conflict.
- Ensure that MINUSCA has sufficient capacity and resources to deliver on its mandate to protect civilians amid the deteriorating situation, including by supporting requests from the United Nations for additional capacity to reinforce the mission, and to further ensure the UN mission is able to work in coordination with the CAR government and other actors to hand over capacity where appropriate.
- Ensure lifesaving assistance to the most vulnerable Central Africans including adequate funding and access for humanitarian organizations, and support an eventual transition from emergency relief to building resiliency, and supporting development and recovery.
- Support continued U.S. engagement with adequate staffing by quickly nominating an Ambassador when the current appointment is concluded, ensuring adequate USAID personnel and engagement in the region, and ensuring that key sections of the State Department (including the Africa Bureau and the Bureau for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor) have the personnel and resources to sustain engagement.
- Work with other international partners including the European Union, World Bank, and bilateral partners to ensure sustained and coordinated assistance following the 2016 Brussels Donors Conference.
- Prioritize support to sectors where the U.S. has a particular added value including accountability and justice, Security Sector Reform, support to social cohesion, reconciliation and atrocities prevention, and with a particular focus on consolidating progress in areas affected by the end of U.S. and African Union military counter-LRA operations.
- Support the development of a natural resources sector conducive to growth and stability by addressing the economy of war by countering illicit trafficking, strengthening technical assistance programs such as USAID’s PRADD II programs and the Fish & Wildlife Service cooperation, and bolstering community-based stabilization around mining sites and farmer-herder issues.
The situation is at a pivotal point. Swift action now can prevent further deterioration. But deterioration will yield more civilian suffering and the destabilization of a country and a wider region. We count on U.S. action to trigger a wider international response and support the people of CAR in preventing additional violence and ultimately setting the country on the path to peace and prosperity.
Ambassador Nikki Haley
Ambassador Mark Green
General H.R. McMaster
Ambassador Jeff Hawkins
Senator Bob Corker
Senator Ben Cardin
Senator Jeff Flake
Senator Corey Booker
Honorable Ed Royce
Honorable Eliot Engel
Honorable Chris Smith
Honorable Karen Bass